Iron Duke Miniatures

Iron Duke Miniatures

'Hard pounding, gentlemen!'



CAWNPORE - LUCKNOW FRONT


Battle of Chinhat 
30 June 1857

'Leave me, sir, and rejoin your company'. 

The badly wounded Lt-Col. William Case, commanding HM 32nd Regt, 
to Capt. Alfred Bassano, one of his company commanders.

Scenario. Sir Henry Lawrence sallies out of Lucknow to confront an approaching force of Mutineers, but is overmatched by a much more powerful force and forced to retreat in disorder. The battle marks the beginning of the Siege of Lucknow. 


                          British & Company Forces


Comd: Brig-Gen. Sir Henry Lawrence KCB.

2IC: Col. John Inglis, HM 32nd Regt.

OC Arty: Capt. Alfred Simons.



Cavalry.

  • Volunteer Horse. (European). Capt. C. W. Radcliffe, 7th BLC. (36).
  • Loyal residues of 1st, 2nd and 3rd Oude Irregular Cavalry (primarily Sikh sowars). Lt. G. Hardinge. (120).


Infantry.

  • HM 32nd Regt. Lt-Col. Wm. Case. (300).
  • 13th BNI. Maj. C. F. Bruere. (150).
  • 48th BNI. Lt-Col. H. Palmer. (60).
  • 71st BNI. Lt. J. M. Birch. (20).


Police Detachment. [Disloyal].

  • About 300 men. Believed to be civil police as they seem not to have been universally provided with muskets. In any event, they changed sides at the outset of the battle and proceeded to engage the British from a flank.  


Artillery. [Oude native gunners disloyal: cut traces and overturned some guns].

  • 4 x guns No. 4 Coy/1st Bn., with No. 9 Field Bty, Bengal   Artillery. 2Lt. F. J. Cunliffe. Horse drawn light field battery. European crews. 
  • 4 x guns Alexander's Bty, No. 2 Light Field Bty., Oude Irregular Artillery. 2Lt. D. MacFarlan.  Indian crews. 
  • 2 x guns Ashe's No. 3 Light Field Bty., Oude Irregular Artillery. 2Lt. J. H. Bryce. Indian crews.
  • 1 x 8 in. howitzer (nicknamed 'the Turk'). 2Lt. J. Bonham. Elephant draught. European crew.



                                             Rebel Forces


Comd: Burkat Ahmed (a risaldar of the 15th Bengal Irregular Cavalry). The contingents of the Talookdars kept to themselves under the leadership of one Khan Ali Khan. 


Cavalry. (800).
  • 15th Bengal Irregular Cavalry.
  • Bulk of 1st, 2nd & 3rd Oude Irregular Cavalry. 

Trained Infantry. (5,500).
  • 22nd Bengal Native Infantry.
  • 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 8th and 9th Oude Irregular Infantry.
  • 1st and 2nd Regiments Military Police. 
Average strengths per unit of about 600.

Levied Infantry. (Strength uncertain).
  • Contingents of three Oude talookdars from Ramnugger Dhumeyree and Mahonah. 

Artillery. (16 guns).
  • No. 5 Coy/7th Bn., with No. 13 Field Bty, Bengal Artillery. Horse drawn light field battery, 9-pdr equipped.
  • No. 1 Light Field Bty, Oude Irregular Artillery. Horse drawn light field battery, 9-pdr equipped. 
  • 4 x light guns. Type unknown. Possibly 6-pdrs. 




The Siege of Cawnpore

Sir Hugh Wheeler's Entrenchment at Cawnpore



The Siege of Lucknow

The British Defensive Perimeter at Lucknow

 


  Composition of the Allahabad Moveable Column 

The task of relieving Maj-Gen. Sir Hugh Wheeler at Cawnpore and Brig-Gen. Sir Henry Lawrence at Lucknow is assigned to Brig-Gen. Henry Havelock, who is to command the 'Moveable Column' being assembled at Allahabad. Col. James Neill, 1st Madras Fusiliers, the first senior officer to reach Allahabad, restores order locally and promptly despatches an advanced force up-country under the command of Maj. George Renaud. It consists of 200 officers and men of HM 84th (York & Lancaster) Regiment, 300 1st Madras Fusiliers, 300 Sikhs of the Ferozepore Regiment, 65 Indian Irregular Cavalry and 2 x bullock drawn 9-pdrs manned by 'invailds' (old soldiers) of the Bengal Artillery. Renaud soon establishes that General Wheeler has recently (26 June) capitulated on terms, (namely the grant of safe conduct to Allahabad), but that the survivors of the siege have since been massacred in an act of treachery perpetrated the following day. The leader of the rebels at Cawnpore is a local nawab from Bithur known as the Nana Sahib. The 210 women and children who survive the initial massacre are held captive at a building called the Bibighar, (though a viciously cruel fate still lies ahead of them). Havelock departs Allahabad with the main body and, by forced marching, catches up with Renaud just in time to prevent his being attacked by a greatly superior rebel force: the Battle of Fatehpur ensues within a matter of hours. 


   Force Commander: Brig-Gen. Henry Havelock.

      DQMG (COS): Lt-Col. Fraser Tytler. DAAG: Capt. Stuart Beatson. Logistics: Capt. McBean. ADC. Lt. Henry Havelock.


Cavalry.

  • Allahabad Volunteer Cavalry. Capt. Lousada. Barrow, 5th Madras Light Cavalry. (20).
  • Detachments 3rd Oude Irregular Cavalry & 13th Bengal Irregular Cavalry. Lt. C. H. Palliser. Disarmed 14 Jul 57. (95).


Infantry.

  • HM 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment.  Maj. Thomas Stirling. (435).
  • HM 84th (York & Lancaster) Regiment. 2 x centre coys. Initially Lt. H. A. W. Ayton, then Capt. Eugene Currie (KIA 16 Jul). (190).
  • HM 78th Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs). Col. Walter Hamilton. (Wing: grenadier, light, No. 3 and No. 6 Coys. (284).
  • 1st Madras Fusiliers ('Neill's Bluecaps'). Maj. George Renaud, (WIA mortally 15 Jul), then Maj. John Stephenson. (376).
  • Ferozepore Regiment (Brasyer's Sikhs). Capt. Jeremiah Brasyer. (448).


Artillery.

  • Maude's Battery, No. 3 Coy/8th Bn., Royal Artillery. Capt. Francis Maude. (3 & 76 Europeans, 18 x golandauz, N/K qty Indian civilian drivers). Bullock-drawn. Initially 2 x 6-pdrs, 2 x 9-pdrs, 2 x 12-pdr howitzers. After the first action of the campaign Maude used captured guns to re-equip his battery with 5 x 9-pdrs and 1 x 24-pdr howitzer. Included in the 76 European personnel were 31 x attached infantrymen, mostly from HM 64th.  

  • 1 x ad hoc division, Bengal Artillery. Lt. T. N. Harward. 22 European 'Invalids' Bengal Artillery, N/K qty Indian civilian drivers. 2 x bullock drawn 9-pdrs. Originally with Renaud, Harward's division was subsequently fought as an adjunct to Maude's Battery.                            

On the Ganges.

  • The steamer Brahamaputra. Ship's Captain: Lt (?) Dickson, HEIC Bombay Marine (i.e. the Company's naval service). OC Embarked Troops: Captain John Spurgin, 1st Madras Fusiliers, with 100 men from his own regiment and 12 Bengal Artillery invalids manning 2 x 6-pdrs.  


Brigadier General Henry Havelock


Maps of Havelock's Operations

 
 
 


 Chronology of Operations and Actions
of the 
Allahabad Moveable Column

   Havelock's general actions are highlighted in green. 
     Events on the Lines of Communication are in square brackets.

26 June. Maj-Gen. Sir Hugh Wheeler opens negotiations with the Nana Sahib at Cawnpore.
30 June. Sir Henry Lawrence is defeated at the Battle of Chinhat. The Siege of Lucknow begins. 
30 June. Col. James Neill despatches an advanced guard from Allahabad under Maj. George Renaud (190 x HM 84th, 200 x 1st Madras Fusiliers, 300 x Brasyer's Sikhs, 65 Irregular Horse, 22 x Bengal Artillery with 2 x bullock drawn 9-pdrs). Brig-Gen Havelock arrives at Allahabad and takes command.
[27 June. The surviving members of General Wheeler's garrison are treacherously attacked at the river and massacred].
1 July. The steamer Brahmaputra sets out for Cawnpore with Capt. John Spurgin, 100 x Madras Fusiliers, 12 x Bengal Artillery invalids and 2 x 6-pdrs. 
3 July. News from Renaud of the certain fall of Cawnpore arrives with Havelock at Allahabad.
7 July. Havelock departs Allahabad with the main body of the moveable column.
12 July. Havelock joins Renaud after a forced march. Unified force is just under 2,000 men and 8 guns. Battle of Fatehpur.
14 July. Palliser's Irregular Cavalry are disarmed. Their horses and weapons are used to mount and equip 40 volunteers from the infantry who then join Capt. Barrow's ad hoc troop.
15 July. Battle of Aong & the action at Pandu River. Maj. Renaud, commanding 1st Madras Fusiliers, is mortally wounded.The Bibighar atrocity is perpetrated at Cawnpore: more than 200 women and children are murdered.  
16 July. Battle of Cawnpore (also sometimes referred to as the Battle of Maharajpur or the Battle of Aherwa). Capt. Eugene Currie, commanding HM 84th, is KIA. 
17 July. Havelock's entry into Cawnpore.
17 July. Maj. John Stephenson's raid on the Nana's palace at Bithoor (unopposed). 
20 July. A reinforcement of 227 officers & men HM 84th Regiment arrives at Cawnpore with the newly promoted Brigadier Neill. Neill is appointed by Havelock to take command of the 300-strong garrison he will leave in situ. 
21 July. Havelock departs Cawnpore, crosses the Ganges and marches for Lucknow.
[25 July. Lines of Communication: Mutiny at Dinapore].
[27 July-2 August. Lines of Communication: Siege of Arrah. Mr. H. Wake, the resident magistrate, 14 other civilians and 50 of Rattray's Sikhs fort up at Mr. Boyle's house and are besieged. 
[29 July. Lines of Communication: The Dunbar Disaster. Capt. Charles Dunbar's attempt to relieve Arrah with a 450-strong force from Dinapore ends in a rout].
29 July. Battle of Unnao & 1st Battle of Bashiratganj. 
31 July. Havelock retires on Mangalwar.
[2 August. Lines of Communication: Battle of Bibigunge. Maj. Vincent Eyre, Bengal Artillery, defeats the besieging force at Arrah with only 220 men and relieves Mr. Wake.
4 August. Havelock reinforced at Mangalwar by half of Olpherts' Bty under Lt. W. Smithett and the Light Coy of HM 84th which is immediately re-armed with the Enfields of the casualties to date. 2 x 24-pdrs without crews are also brought up. Capt. Maude mans them with Lt. Crump and some of the men of his battery.  
5 August. 2nd Battle of Bashiratganj.
6 August. Havelock returns to Mangalwar. Maj. George Cooper, Bengal Artillery, joins and assumes overall command of the artillery.
[11 August. Lines of Communication: Maj. Eyre attacks and defeats Kunwar Singh at Jagdishpur]. 
12 August. Battle of Boorhya-ka-Chowki.
13 August. With his remaining combat power no longer viable for the task in hand, Havelock retires across the Ganges to Cawnpore.
15 August. Neill attacks the left wing of the Nana's forces near Cawnpore, as a prelude to Havelock's attack on the enemy main body the following day.
16 August. Battle of Bithoor.
17 August. Havelock retires on Cawnpore to await reinforcement and refit his force, a process which includes the arrival of large numbers of Enfields. In the ensuing period to mid-September, 4 more coys of HM 78th Hldrs and the balance of Olpherts' Battery come up. Olpherts has harness made so that he can equip his battery as a horse-drawn one and then trains his men for role. 
1 September. Arrival of details at Cawnpore: 80 x HM 78th Hldrs, 50 x HM 84th, 56 x 1st Madras Fusiliers. Maj-Gen. Sir James Outram arrives at Allahabad.
11 September. Lines of communication: Maj. Eyre's Action at Koondum Puttee. Eyre's Force 100 x HM 5th Fusiliers, 60 x HM 64th, 40 x 12th Bengal Irregular Cavalry, 2 x guns]. 
15 September. Maj-Gen. Sir James Outram arrives at Cawnpore, bringing up 5 x coys HM 5th Fusiliers, 7 x coys HM 90th LI, 1 x coy HM 78th, 60 x volunteer cavalry, 60 x 12th Bengal Irregular Cavalry and 2 x 8-inch howitzers. Outram generously defers to Havelock until Lucknow is relieved, stating that in the interim he will operate only in his civil capacity and as a military volunteer.  
19 September. Havelock re-crosses the Ganges, bound for Lucknow.
21 September. Action at Mangalwar.
23 September. Action at the Alambagh.
25 SeptemberFirst Relief of Lucknow after a day's bitter street fighting.
 


Battle of Cawnpore
16 July 1857 
(also known as the Battle of Aherwa)

 


2nd Battle of Bashiratganj
5 August 1857

 


Battle of Bithoor
16 August 1857

Note: the 'residency' shown on the map is that of the Nana Sahib.

 


Rebel Forces engaged against Havelock's Column

Engagement & Date
Rebel Forces
Units said to have been reviewed by the Nana Sahib at Cawnpore (28 Jun)
2nd Bengal Light Cavalry (BLC); 1st, 53rd and 56th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI), all of Cawnpore. 1st and 2nd Oudh Irregular Cavalry (OIC) and 2 x regiments Oudh Irregular Infantry (OII), all of Lucknow. 17th BNI and 13th Bengal Irregular Cavalry (BIC) from Azimghur. 12th BNI (wing), 14th Bengal Irregular Cavalry (1 x sqn) and No. 18 Light Field Battery from Nowong. 7th Bengal Light Cavalry (1 x sqn). Elements of 10th BNI from Futteghar. Elements of 6th BNI from Allahabad. Elms 48th BNI (2 x coys). Three 'Nowabie regiments' from Cawnpore (the Nana Sahib's personal retinue; probably mostly matchlockmen). Two half-regiments of newly raised levies from Cawnpore. Also a 'great mob of zemindars, &c, of neighboring districts, who came well-armed to assist the Nana.'
 Fatehpur (12 Jul)
Comd: Jawala Parshad (the Nana's 'C-in-C') & Tika Singh (a risaldar of 2nd BLC). Total: 3,600 with 12 x guns. Estimated strengths by arm: 500 sowars, 1,400 sepoys, 1,500 local levies and badmashes, 100 artillerymen. Cavalry units present: 13th Bengal Irregular Cavalry, 2nd BLC complete with elements of 1st BLC and 2 x tps 7th BLC. Infantry units present: 1st, 53rd and 56th BNI (theoretically up to 3,000 sepoys, but there were evidently significantly fewer men than that present). Arty known to be present: No 1. Field Bty, Oude Irregular Artillery (horse-drawn, 9-pdr equipped). [Total ordnance: 2 x 6-pdrs, 5 x 9-pdrs, 1 x 24-pdr howitzer, 1 x 12-pdr, 1 x 24-pdr heavy gun, 1 x 10-in mortar, 1 x 5.5 in. brass mortar]. The cavalry were dressed in 'French Grey' regimentals, the infantry in white native dress.
 Aong (15 Jul)
Same force as previous day, (minus all 12 of its guns). 2 x 6-pdr newly brought up (and duly lost).
 Pandu River (15 Jul)
Elements of same force with 2 x 24-pdrs.The Nana sahib's brother, Bala Rao, a senior command figure, was present on 15 Jul and was WIA in one or other of the actions fought that day (shot in the shoulder). 
  Cawnpore (16 Jul)
Comd. Nana Sahib. Same force as Futtehpore/Aong plus numerous reinforcements from Cawnpore. Probably the Nana's total available force as described at the head of this table. The Nana's personal retinue was present on the third position attacked by the British. Total: 5-6,000 including several hundred cavalry with 7 x guns. [Arty: 2 x 6 or 9-pdrs, 5 x 24-pdrs].  
 Unnao (29 Jul)
6,000 with 15 guns, including No. 5 Coy/7th Bn., with No. 13 Light Field Battery, Bengal Artillery. 
 1st Bashiratganj (29 Jul)
Same force as at Unao minus all 15 guns and 500 casualties. 4 new guns present (and also captured in the course of the day).
 2nd Bashiratganj (5 Aug)
By the estimate of one British officer, the enemy force consisted of 10,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalry, but this is certain to be an overestimate. There were, however, 10-12 guns [including 2 x 24-pdrs], suggesting a powerful force. Havelock gives no numerical estimate in his official despatch.
Boorhya-ka-Chowki (12 Aug)
3,500 infantry, 500 cavalry with 6 field guns [at least four 9-pdrs].  
 Bithoor (16 Aug)
Total Strength: estimated by Havelock at 4,000 with 2 x guns. The cavalry component, consisting as it did of the 3rd Bengal Irregular Cavalry and some but not all of the troops of 2nd BLC probably accounted for about 500 of the 4,000. The infantry units present were the 17th, 28th, 31st, 34th & 42nd BNI, with elements of 41st BNI. The 42nd BNI are sourced as wearing their red coatees on this occasion. Also present were the Nana Sahib's irregular troops and retainers, plus zemindar contingents and badmash elements. Some British officers thought the enemy was 10,000 strong: the number of irregulars and badmashes is impossible to know for sure.   
 [Koondhum Puttee (11 Sep)]
 300.
 Mangalwar (21 Sep)
'In great stength' with 5 x guns.
 Alambagh (23 Sep)
Total: estimated at 10,000 Infantry and 1,500 cavalry. The 53rd and 56th BNI were certainly present. Most of the troops scattered at Bithur would also have been present, as would the turned Lucknow regiments, (13th, 48th and 71st BNI), and the Oude Irregular Force Regiments (1st, 2nd & 3rd Oude Irregular Cavalry; 
2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 8th and 9th Oude Irregular Infantry, 1st and 2nd Regiments Oude Military Police). It should be borne in mind that some proportion of these regiments would have continued to press the siege concurrently.
 1st Relief of Lucknow 
 (25 Sep)
No reliable estimate available but numerically very powerful, including all the regiments named above. Perhaps 25,000 fighting men in all, spread across the city and still prosecuting the siege. 
 


   Composition of the Oude Field Force 
    on crossing the Ganges 
for the 
        First Relief of Lucknow (25 Sep 1857).

Force Commander: Brig-Gen Henry Havelock CB

Present in his civil capacity: Maj-Gen. Sir James Outram KCB, Chief Commissioner of Oude, GOC Cawnpore & Dinapore Divisions.

COS (to Outram): Col. Robert Napier, Bengal Engineers.

DQMG (COS to Havelock): Lt-Col. Fraser Tytler. DAAG: Lt. Henry Havelock. Chief Engineer: Capt. Wm Crommelin. 


1st Infantry Brigade.  Brig. James Neill, 1st Madras Fusiliers.     

HM 5th Regiment (Northumberland Fusiliers). Maj. James Simmons. Nos 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, & 10 Coys. (420).

HM 84th (York & Lancaster) Regiment. (With 2 x coys HM 64th under command). Capt. Frederic Willis.

1st Madras Fusiliers ('Neill's Bluecaps'). Maj. John Stephenson.

[Maude's Battery in support during the fight into Lucknow: see below].


2nd Infantry Brigade.  Brig. Walter Hamilton, 78th Hldrs.

HM 78th Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs). Lt-Col. Henry Stisted. (26 & 523).

HM 90th (Perthshire Volunteers) (Light Infantry). 7 x coys. Col. Robert Campbell CB. (28 & 646).

Ferozepore Regiment (Brasyer's Sikhs). Capt. Jeremiah Brasyer. (341).

[Olpherts' Battery in support during the fight into Lucknow: see below].


3rd Artillery Brigade. Brig. (Maj.) George Cooper. 18 guns, 282 men).
Maude's Battery, No. 3 Coy/8th Bn., RA. Capt. Francis Maude. Bullock-drawn field battery. 5 x 9-pdrs, 1 x 24-pdr howitzer.      

Olpherts' Battery, No. 2 Coy/3rd Bn., with No. 12 Light Field Battery, Bengal Artillery. Capt Wm. Olpherts. Horse-drawn. 

     5 x 9-pdrs, 1 x 24-pdr howitzer.

Eyre's Battery, No. 3 Heavy Field Battery, (No. 1 Coy/5th Bn.), Bengal Artillery. Maj. Vincent Eyre. Bullock-drawn. 4 x 24-pdrs, 

     2 x 8-inch howitzers.


Cavalry. Capt. Lousada Barrow, 5th Madras Light Cavalry.

Allahabad Volunteer Cavalry. (109).

12th Bengal Irregular Cavalry. A/Capt. Wm. Johnson, 6th BNI. Mostly Sikhs. (59).


Totals by Arm: 2,388 European Infantry, 341 Sikh Infantry, 109 European Volunteer Cavalry, 59 Sikh Irregular Horse, 282 gunners, 18 x guns. 


Alambagh: on 25 Sep Maj. Colin McIntyre, 78th Hldrs, was left to garrison the Alambagh with 280 British infantry, (a composite body made up of 70-man detachments from HM 5th, HM 78th, HM 84th and 1st Madras Fusiliers), 50 Ferozepore Regiment Sikhs, 2 x 9-pdrs and 2 x 8-in. howitzers. In his charge were 128 sick and wounded and a very large number of Indian camp followers. When Sir Colin Campbell came up in November, McIntryre and his troops were relieved in place by HM 75th and subsequently played a full part in the second relief of Lucknow as components of two composite battalions of detachments. 



Operations at Lucknow 
Sep 1857-Mar 1858


This map shows the routes to the residency taken on 25 Sep by Havelock and in mid-November by Campbell. 
The inset key above explains all. Below: same ground, in slightly larger scale.

 
 


General Sir Colin Campbell's Force
at the 
2nd Relief of Lucknow

A drummer boy of the 93rd must have been one of the first to pass that grim boundary between life and death, for when I got in I found him just inside the breach, lying on his back quite dead - a pretty, innocent-looking, fair-headed lad, not more than 14 years of age.

                                                                                                                  Lieutenant Fred Roberts, Bengal Artillery, on the storming of the Secunderbagh.

C-in-C India: General Sir Colin Campbell GCB.

COS: L/Maj-Gen. William Mansfield, HM 53rd Regt.. Military Secretary: Maj. Archibald Alison, HM 72nd Regt.. 

Divisional Commander: Maj-Gen. Hope Grant CB.

AAG: Capt. Henry Norman. DAQMG: Lt. G. Allgood. DACG: Capt. A. D. Dickens. Acting Chief Engineer: Lt. Lennox. 

OC Royal Artillery: Capt. Frederick Travers. OC Bengal Artillery: Maj. Frank Turner.



Cavalry Brigade. Brig. Archibald Little, HM 9th Lancers.

HM 9th Lancers. Maj. Henry Ouvry. 2 x sqns. (200, estimate).

2nd Bn. Military Train. Maj. James Robertson. 2 x sqns. (200).

1st Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. John Watson. 1 x sqn.

2nd Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. Dighton Probyn. 1 x sqn.

5th Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. George Younghusband, 13th BNI. 1 x sqn.

Hodson's Horse. Lt. Hugh Gough. (160).

     

Note: the aggregated strength of the three Punjab Cavalry regiments was about 300 men).


Naval Brigade. Capt. Wm. Peel RN. Bullock drawn guns: 6 x 24-pdrs, 2 x 8 in. howitzers. 2 x rocket carts. Includes RMLI detachment. (250).


3rd Infantry Brigade. Brig. Edward Greathed, HM 8th Regt.

HM 8th Regiment. Maj. John Hinde. (300, estimate).

Hamilton's 1st Battalion of Detachments. Lt-Col. Henry Hamilton. 

        Nos. 4 & 7 Coys HM 5th Regt., 70 others of HM 5th who had been left at the Alambagh by Outram, a coy sized drafts for HM               64th and a 70 man detachment of HM 78th Hldrs which had also been part of the Alambagh garrison.

2nd (Green's) Punjaub Infantry. Capt. George Green. (550, estimate).


4th Infantry Brigade. Brig. the Hon. Adrian Hope CB, HM 93rd Hldrs.

HM 93rd Highlanders. Lt-Col. Alexander Leith Hay. (1,000).

HM 53rd Regiment. Lt-Col. Charles Gordon, HM 93rd Hldrs. One wing only. (400, estimate).

4th (Wilde's) Punjaub Infantry. A/Capt. Wm. Paul, 7th BNI. (550, estimate).

Barnston's 2nd Battalion of Detachments. Maj. Roger Barnston, HM 90th LI. 

      3 x coys HM 90th LI and 70 man detachments of HM 84th and 1st Madras Fusiliers that had formerly been part of the Alambagh         garrison (600).


5th Infantry Brigade. Brig. David Russell, 84th Regt.

HM 23rd Regiment. Lt-Col. Samuel Wells. One wing comprising Nos 2, 4, 5 and 7 Coys only. (400, estimate). 

HM 82nd Regiment. Lt-Col. Edward Hale. 2 coys only. (10 & 200).


Artillery Brigade. Brig. Wm. Crawford RA.

Hardy's Battery, No. 4 Coy/5th Bn., RA. Capt. Whaley Hardy. Heavy Field Battery. 2 x 18-pdrs, 1 x 8 in. howitzer.

Longden's Battery, No. 5 Coy/13th Bn., RA. Capt. Charles Longden. Mortar Battery. 6 x 8 in. mortars, 10 x 5.5 in. mortars.

Middleton's Battery, No. 6 Coy/13th Bn., RA. Capt. Wm. Middleton. Horse drawn field battery. 4 x 9-pdrs, 2 x 24-pdr howitzers.  

Remmington's Troop, 1st Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Capt. Frederick Remmington. 4 x 6-pdrs, 1 x 12-pdr howitzer. 

Blunt's Troop, 2nd Tp/3rd Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Capt. Charles Blunt. 4 x 9-pdrs, 1 x 24-pdr howitzer. 

1 x division E Troop, Madras Horse Artillery. Lt. C. Bridge. 2 x 6-pdrs.

Bourchier's Battery, No. 3 Coy/1st Bn., with No. 17 Field Bty., Bengal Artillery. Capt. George Bourchier. Horse drawn light field battery.       4 x 9-pdrs, 2 x 24-pdr howitzer. 


Engineers. Lt. Scott, Madras Engineers.

1 x coy Royal Engineers. Lt. Wilbraham Lennox VC, RE. (80)

1 x coy Madras Sappers & Miners. (100, estimate).

Detachment Bengal Sappers & Miners.

2 x coys Punjaub Sappers & Miners. Newly raised. (200, estimate).


Left to Garrison the Alambagh. OC: Maj. Moir, Bengal Artillery.

HM 75th Regiment. Maj. Charles Gordon. (300).

Ferezopore Regiment. 1 x coy. (50).


Notes: 

1. Campbell's estimate of his strength on 12 Nov 1857 was 700 cavalry and 2,700 infantry, (with no figures offered for the artillery and engineers). He also reported that he was joined on 14 Nov by 600-700 reinforcements who caught up with his rearguard that morning. 

2. In the case of the units which had marched with Greathed's column from Delhi via Agra, the estimated unit strengths given above are for the most part derived from their reported start state on departure from Delhi, with some allowance for sickness and casualties incurred at the Battle of Agra.