Iron Duke Miniatures

Iron Duke Miniatures

'Hard pounding, gentlemen!'



DELHI FRONT

    
    The Actions at Ghazi-ud-din Nuggur
30 May & 1 June 1857

                                                                                      British & Company Forces


     GOC: Brigadier Archdale Wilson, Bengal Artillery.


HM 6th Dragoon Guards. Lt-Col. Wm. Custance. 2 x sqns. (200).

HM 60th Rifles. Lt-Col. John Jones. 6 x coys. (500).

Tombs' Troop, 2nd Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Maj. Harry Tombs. (4 x 6-pdrs). 

Scott's Battery, 3rd Coy/3rd Bn., with No. 14 Horse Field Battery, Bengal Artillery. Maj. E. W. S. Scott. 5 x guns, 1 x howitzer.

Heavy Guns: Lt. Light. 2 x 18-pdr.


                                                                                                    Rebel Forces


Strength stated in Lord Roberts's memoirs (who was not present) as about 5,000. Certainly the 11th and 38th Bengal Native Infantry were present. In the 30 May fight the British captured the following ordnance: 2 x 24-pdr, 1 x 18-pdr, 1 x 10 in. howitzer, 1 x 8 in. howitzer. 



   The Battle of Badli-ke-Serai
   8 June 1857

Scenario. Barnard has effected a junction with Wilson. The Mutineers at Delhi attempt to block the British approach to the city by occupying a defensive position at Badli-ke-Serai. Barnard attacks and drives in the position, whence he sweeps on to outflank a second enemy position on Delhi Ridge by 9.00 am the same day. So begins the Siege of Delhi. 


                                                                                                               British & Company Forces 

                          

        GOC: Maj-Gen. Sir Henry Barnard KCB.

          Adjutant-General (COS): Lt-Col. Charles Chester.


Cavalry Flanking Movement. Brig. Hope Grant CB, HM 9th Lancers.

HM 9th Lancers. Lt-Col. Robert Yule. 4 x sqns. (450).

Rajah of Jhind's Cavalry. Lt. Wm. Hodson. (50).

Tombs' Troop, 2nd Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Maj. Harry Tombs. 4 x 6-pdrs. 

Turner's Troop, 3rd Tp/3rd Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Maj. Frank Turner. 5 x 9-pdrs, 1 x 12/24-pdr howitzer.


Other Cavalry.

6th Dragoon Guards. Lt-Col. Wm. Custance. 1 x sqn. (100).


1st Brigade. Brig. St. G. D.  Showers, 2nd Bengal Fusiliers. [Showers' given names were 'St. George' Daniel]. 

HM 75th Regiment. Lt-Col. Charles Herbert. 9 x coys. (800).

1st Bengal Fusiliers. Col. John Welchman. (800).  


2nd Brigade. Brig. H. M. Graves.

HM 60th Rifles. Lt-Col. John Jones. 6 x coys. (500).

2nd Bengal Fusiliers. Capt. Alexander Boyd. 5 x coys. (450).

Sirmoor Gurkha Battalion. Maj. Charles Reid. One wing only. (400).


Artillery.

Money's Troop, 2nd Tp/3rd Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Maj. E. K. Money. 5 x 9-pdrs, 1 x howitzer.

Scott's Battery, 3rd Coy/3rd Bn., with No. 14 Horse Field Battery, Bengal Artillery. Maj. E. W. S. Scott. 9-pdr equipped. 2 x divisions;       4 x guns only. 

Kaye's Heavy Field Battery. An ad hoc grouping of 2 x 18-pdrs and 2 x 8 in. howitzers. Manned by elements of No. 4 Coy/6th Bn.,             Bengal Artillery, and a detachment of Bengal Artillery recruits. 


Baggage and Camp Guard at Alipore.

1 x sqn HM 6th Dragoon Guards. (100).

1 x division (2 guns) Scott's Battery (see above).

1 x coy 2nd Bengal Fusiliers. (100).

Bengal Sappers & Miners. Detachment only. Lt. Frederick Maunsell, Bengal Engineers. (150). 

Rajah of Jhind's Contingent. Sikh Irregulars. (750 Inf).

The Umballa Siege Train. 6 x 18-pdrs, 2 x 8 in. howitzers, 4 x 8 in mortars, 12 x 5.5 in. mortars; with No. 4 Coy/6th Bn., Bengal Artillery and around 100 x artillery recruits. Escort: 1 x sqn. 4th Bengal Lancers.

                                                                                                                    

                                                                                                 Rebel Forces


Infantry. 

7 x BNI regiments and elements of two others were said to be present. These can likely be permed from amongst the 5th, 9th, 11th, 20th, 38th, 44th, 45th, 54th, 67th & 74th Bengal Native Infantry. 


Cavalry. 

2 x regiments said to be present. Probably the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry and 4th Bengal Irregular Cavalry. 


Field Artillery. 

No. 3 Coy/7th Bn., Bengal Artillery. 6 x 9 pdrs.

2 x other 9-pdrs.


The Heavy Battery. 

1 x 8-in howitzer, 2 x 24-pdr, 2 x 18-pdr. Served by gun lascars of the Delhi magazine and artillery of the palace guard. 


Total Strength: unstated, but theoretically about 6,000 infantry, 800 cavalry and not fewer than 13 guns.


Note that only the 5 heavy guns and 3 of the 9-pdrs were overrun and captured in the battle proper. Two more 9-pdrs were captured in the pursuit, while the final 3 were captured near the Flagstaff Tower on Delhi Ridge. This suggests the possibility that not all 13 guns had actually been in the rebel line of battle at Badli-ke-Serai.  



    The Delhi Field Force
     Showing units' date of arrival on Delhi Ridge

British Start State (8 Jun 1857): see Barnard's Order of Battle for Badli-ke-Serai (above).


Reinforcements 9 Jun. Capt. Henry Daly.
The Corps of Guides. 3 x tps Guides Cavalry, Lt. Quintin Battye. 6 x coys Guides Infantry. (In all 6 x British offrs & 600).

Reinforcements 23 Jun. Maj Henry Olpherts. (350 Europeans, 500 Sikhs and 6 guns).
Olpherts' Troop, 1st Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Maj. Henry Olpherts. 4 x 6-pdr.
1 x division 5th (Native) Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Lt. George Renny. 2 x 6-pdr.
1 x coy HM 75th Regiment.
2 x coys 2nd Bengal Fusiliers. (90). 
2nd Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. Charles Nicholson. 
4th (Rothney's) Sikh Local Infantry. Capt. Octavius Rothney. 

Reinforcements between 22 Jun-3 Jul.
HM 8th Regiment; right wing only. Col. Henry Hartley. (21 & 341).
HM 61st Regiment. Col. Wm. Jones CB.  One wing only. Grenadier, Light and Nos. 2, 3 & 7 Coys, plus the band. (450). 
1 x sqn 5th Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. George Younghusband, 13th BNI. 
1st Punjaub Infantry (Coke's Rifles). Maj. John Coke. (800).
1 x division (2 guns) 1st Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. 
1 x division (2 guns) 5th (Native) Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. 
Detachment 4th Bn. Bengal Artillery. No guns. 
Sikh Companies, Punjab Artillery. No guns. Newly raised. 

Reinforcements 25 Jul.
1 x sqn 1st Punjaub Cavalry. Capt. John Watson. 
Hodson's Horse. Newly raised Sikh Irregular Cavalry. (200). 

Reinforcements 1 Aug.
Kumaon Gurkha Battalion. Capt. Robert Ramsay.

Arrival of Punjab Moveable Column 14 Aug. Brig. John Nicholson.
HM 52nd Light Infantry. Col. George Campbell. (600).
HM 61st Regiment; left wing.
2nd (Green's) Punjaub Infantry. Capt. George Green.
Bourchier's Battery, No. 3 Coy/1st Bn., with No. 17 Light Field Battery, Bengal Artillery. Capt. George Bourchier. 9-pdrs. 
Mooltanee Horse. Lt. J. B. Lind, 24th BNI. Newly raised Sikh Irregulars. (200).

Arrival of the Kashmir Contingent 5 Sep.
About 2,200 men. Capt. Richard Lawrence. A cavalry contingent of at least 200, but mostly infantry. 4 x field guns and numerous camel guns.

Arrival of the Punjab Siege Train 7 Sep onwards.
HM 8th Regiment; balance of the regiment from Jullundur and Phillour. Lt. Daniel Beere. (200).
HM 60th Rifles; left wing. (200).
4th (Wilde's) Punjaub Infantry. Capt. Alfred Wilde. (700).
1st Belooch Battalion; right wing only. Lt. Col. R. Farquhar. (300).
Siege Train.  6 x 24-pdr, 8 x 18-pdr, 6 x 8 in. howitzer, 4 x 10 in. mortars, 4 x 8 in. mortars, 6 x 5.5 in. mortars. 
Detachment 4th Bn., Bengal Artillery. 

Note: omitted from this list are elements of the 4th and 9th Bengal Irregular Cavalry which were sent away from the Ridge, due to doubts over their loyalty, having played no significant role in the fighting. 


                                                          The Battle of Najafgarh
                                                25 August 1857

Scenario. A powerful Mutineer force leaves Delhi and flank marches to threaten the British lines of communication and the approaching siege train. Nicholson is assigned a force with which to interdict the movement, catches up with the rebels at Najafgarh and attacks.  

 

                                                                                  

    British & Company Forces


      Force Commander: Brig. John Nicholson, 27th BNI.


Cavalry

HM 9th Lancers. Capt. Henry Sarel. No. 3 Sqn only. (100).

Guides Cavalry. Capt. Charles Sanford, 3rd BLC. 1 x sqn. (120).

Mooltanee Horse. Lt. J. B. Lind, 24th BNI. Sikh Irregulars. (80). 

     Note: Capt. Sarel had overall command of the cavalry.


Infantry

HM 61st Regiment. Lt-Col. Henry Rainey. (320).

1st Bengal Fusiliers. Maj. George Jacob. (280).

1st Punjaub Infantry (Coke's Rifles). Lt. Wm. Lumsden. (400).

2nd (Green's) Punjaub Infantry. Capt. George Green. (300). 

Composite Rearguard and Reserve Battalion. Capt. Alexander Gordon. 100 men each from HM 61st, 1st Bengal Fusiliers and 2nd

      Punjaub Infantry.(300).            


Artillery

Tombs' Troop, 2nd Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Maj. Harry Tombs. 4 x 6-pdrs. 

Remmington's Troop, 1st Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Capt. Frederick Remmington. 5 x 6-pdrs, 1 x 12-pdr howitzer.

Blunt's Troop, 2nd Tp/3rd Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Capt. Charles Blunt. 5 x 9-pdrs, 1 x 12/24-pdr howitzer.


Engineers

Sappers & Miners. Lt. Maximilian Geneste. Detachment only. (30).


Baggage Guard

2nd Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. Charles Nicholson. 1 x sqn. (80).

Mooltanee Horse. Lt. Caulfield. Sikh Irregulars. (120).


                                                                                                    Rebel Forces


                                                                                        Comd: 'General' Buktra Khan,

                                                                                 (lately a subadar of the Bengal Artillery).


Total Force: 7,000 Infantry, 1,000 cavalry and 13 guns. Note that Nicholson's attack fell primarily on the Neemuch Brigade. Much of the Rohilkhund Brigade failed to support its sister formation in any meaningful way. 


Neemuch Brigade.

1st Bengal Light Cavalry; one wing only. Kotah Contingent Cavalry (4 x tps).

72nd Bengal Native Infantry, 7th Infantry Gwalior Contingent, Kotah Contingent Infantry. 

4th Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery.


Rohilkhund Brigade.

8th Bengal Irregular Cavalry.

18th, 28th, 29th and 69th Bengal Native Infantry.

No. 6 Coy/8th Bn., with No 15 Light Field Battery, Bengal Artillery.


Other Cavalry. 

13th Bengal Irregular Cavalry (elements only).

14th Bengal Irregular Cavalry.


Other Artillery.

No. 3 Coy/7th Bn., with No. 5 Light Field Battery, Bengal Artillery.


Total Ordnance.

1 x 24-pdr howitzer, 2 x 12-pdr howitzers, 2 x 9-pdrs, 4 x 6-pdrs and 4 x small calibre brass guns (2 x 4-pdr, 2 x 3-pdr). The likelihood is that the 

6-pdrs and perhaps one or two of the 12-pdr howitzers were fielded by the horse artillery troop of the Neemuch Brigade. The other distribution of guns is impossible even to guess at.



  Mutineer Units in Delhi
 by date of arrival

Units in Delhi on 8 Jun 1857.

3rd Bengal Light Cavalry; 4th Bengal Irregular Cavalry. 

5th, 9th, 11th, 20th, 38th, 44th, 45th, 54th, 67th & 74th Bengal Native Infantry. Harriana Light Infantry.

No. 3 Coy/7th Bn., with No 5 Field Battery, Bengal Artillery.


Arrived 16-17 Jun: Nusseerabad Brigade.

1st Bengal Light Cavalry; elements only.

15th & 30th Bengal Native Infantry.

No. 2 Coy/7th Bn., with No. 6 Field Battery, Bengal Artillery.


Arrived 21-22 Jun: from Jullundur and Phillour.

6th Bengal Light Cavalry.

3rd, 36th & 61st Bengal Native Infantry.


Arrived 1-2 Jul: Rohilkhund Brigade.

8th Bengal Irregular Cavalry.

18th, 28th, 29th & 68th Bengal Native Infantry.

No. 6 Coy/8th Bn., with No. 15 Field Battery, Bengal Artillery.


Arrived during July: from Jhansi and Nowgong. (800).

14th Bengal Irregular Cavalry.

12th Bengal Native Infantry; one wing only. 

No. 4 Coy/9th Bn., with No. 18 Field Battery, Bengal Artillery. (3 x guns).


Arrived end of July: Neemuch Brigade

1st Bengal Light Cavalry; one wing only. Malwa Contingent Cavalry (4 x tps).

72nd Bengal Native Infantry. 7th Infantry Gwalior Contingent. Kotah Contingent (an all arms grouping of about 700 men). 

4th (Native) Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery.


Other units believed to be at Delhi:

6th Bengal Light Cavalry; 10th Bengal Light Cavalry (elements).

15th, 23rd & 60th Bengal Native Infantry. 

Bengal Sappers & Miners (4 coys).



Maps of Delhi

 
 
 
 

   
The Storming of Delhi
14 September 1857

Scenario. Following the arrival of the Siege Train the British install their breaching batteries and pummel the city walls. On the morning of 14 September, Major-General Wilson launches four columns of assault. The British take more than a thousand casualties during the first day's fighting, but by nightfall have successfully gained a series of lodgements which they will expand over the ensuing several days of heavy street fighting.

Force Commander: Maj-Gen. Archdale Wilson, late Bengal Artillery.

Assault Commander: Brig. John Nicholson, 27th BNI.

Chief Engineer & Commander Engineer Brigade: Lt-Col. Richard Baird-Smith, Bengal Engineers. 

Director of Trenches (Asst. Chief Engineer): Capt. Alex Taylor, Bengal Engineers. Commander Artillery Brigade: Maj. F. Gaitskell, Bengal Artillery. Chief of Intelligence: Lt. Wm. Hodson, 1st Bengal Fusiliers.


Covering Force. HM 60th Rifles. Lt. Col. John Jones.  Task: screen the advance of Nos. 1, 2 & 3 Columns. (200).


No. 1 Column. Brig. John Nicholson, 27th BNI. Task: carry the breach by the Kashmir Bastion.

  • HM 75th Regiment. Lt-Col. Charles Herbert. (300).
  • 1st Bengal Fusiliers. Maj. George Jacob. (250).
  • 2nd (Green's) Punjaub Infantry. Capt. George Green. (450).
  • Bengal Artillery detachment intended to turn captured guns on the enemy. (60).
  • 1 x division (2 x 9-pdrs) No. 3 Coy/1st Bn., with No. 17 Light Field Battery, Bengal Artillery.

      

     Note. In the event the 9-pdrs went to support the cavalry brigade in covering the flank of the assault. 


No 2. Column. Brig. William Jones CB, HM 61st Regt.. Task: carry the breach by the Water Bastion.

  • HM 8th Regiment. Lt-Col. Edward Greathed. (250).
  • 2nd Bengal Fusiliers. Capt. Alexander Boyd. (250).
  • 4th (Rothney's) Seikh Infantry. Capt. Octavius Rothney. (350).
  • Bengal Artillery detachment intended to turn captured guns on the enemy. (20).
  • 1 x dvision (2 x 9-pdrs), No.3. Coy./1st Bn, with No. 17 light field battery, Bengal Artillery.

     Note. In the event the 9-pdrs went to support the cavalry brigade.

     

No. 3 Column. Col. George Campbell, HM 52nd Regt.. Task: storm the Kashmir Gate.

  • HM 52nd Regiment. Maj. Joshua Vigors. (200).
  • Kumaon Battalion [Gurkha]. Capt. Robert Ramsay. (250).
  • 1st Punjaub Infantry (Coke's Rifles). Lt. Charles Nicholson. (500).
  • Bengal Artillery detachment intended to turn captured guns on the enemy. (20).


No. 4 Column. Maj. Charles Reid, Sirmoor Bn.. Task: clear the outlying suburb of Kissengunge, then enter by the Lahore Gate.

  • Pickets of the Day (380):
  •       HM 60th Rifles (50), HM 61st Regt. (80),1st Bengal Fusiliers (160), Kumaon Bn (65), 1st Punjaub Infantry (25).

    • Sirmoor Battalion. [Gurkha]. [Maj. Reid, above]. (200).
    • Guides Infantry. Lt. Robert Shebbeare, 60th BNI. (200).
    • Kashmir Contingent Vanguard. Capt. H. A. Dwyer. (400 inf, 100 'mounted police' & 4 x 6-pdr).
    • Kashmir Contingent Main Body. Capt. Richard Lawrence. (800 inf).

         

         Notes. In the event No. 4 Column failed to accomplish its assigned tasks, due to the unexpected presence of about 2,000 mutineers        in Kissengunge. This initial presence was heavily reinforced from within the city, leading to a sequence of fierce counterattacks which        effectively defeated No. 4 Column and drove it back in some disorder. Note that the  Kashmir Contingent operated in separate bodies      from the rest of the column. All four of its guns were lost in the heavy fighitng around Kissengunge. 


    Reserve. Brig. John Longfield, HM 8th Regt.. (Eventually entered by the Kashmir Gate).

    • HM 61st Regiment. Lt-Col. Charles Deacon. (250).
    • 4th (Wilde's) Punjaub Infantry. Capt. Alfred Wilde. (450).
    • 1st Belooch Battalion; one wing only. Lt. Col. R. Farquhar. (300). [Title also rendered as 'Beluch'].
    • Rajah of Jhind's Contingent. Lt-Col. H. F. Dunsford, 59th BNI. (300).

         

         Notes. HM 60th Rifles was to join the Reserve Column after screening the break-in of Nos. 1, 2 & 3 Columns. 

         When at length Longfield did enter the city, he left the Beluch Battalion to support the cavalry in covering the right flank. 


    Cavalry Brigade. Brig. Hope Grant CB, HM 9th Lancers. Task: Right flank protection to the assaulting columns.

    • HM 9th Lancers. (2 x sqns). Capt. Wm. Drysdale. (200).
    • 1st Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. John Watson. 1 x sqn.
    • 2nd Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. Dighton Probyn. 1 x sqn.
    • 5th Punjaub Cavalry. Lt. George Younghusband, 13th BNI. 1 x sqn.                       
    • Guides Cavalry. Capt. Charles Sanford, 3rd BLC. 
    • Hodson's Horse. Capt. Wm. Hodson, 1st Bengal Fusiliers. A wing only. 
    • Remmington's Troop, 1st Bde/1st Bde, Bengal Artillery. 3 x 6-pdrs. 
    • Tombs' Troop, 2nd Tp/1st Bde., Bengal Horse Artillery. Maj. Harry Tombs. 4 x 6-pdrs. 

         

         Notes: The aggregated strength of the five Indian cavalry regiments was 410 sowars. There were 70 men present from the two 

         BHA troops: Hope Grant's report implies that both were under the command of Maj. Tombs, suggesting that in effect they  

         operated as a single tactical grouping. Despatches do not mention Capt. Frederick Remmington who may have been sick or                        injured. Note that in due course Capt. George Bourchier brought the 4 x 9-pdrs of his battery which

         had originally been assigned to Nos. 1 & 2 Columns to cover the cavalry brigade instead. 


    Cavalry Reserve. Lt-Col. Wm. Custance, HM 6th DG. (About 400 men all told).

    • HM 6th Dragoon Guards.
    • Hodson's Horse. The balance.
    • 1 x Tp Guides Cavalry. Lt. Alfred Mackenzie, 3rd BLC.
    • Possibly some proportion of the 1st, 2nd and 5th Punjaub Cavalry.
    • Probably the Mooltanee Horse.


    Defence of the Ridge, Camp and Batteries. OIC: Col. John Dennis, HM 52nd LI. 


                                                                   Note of Casualties on the first day of the assault: 

    British: 8 officers & 162 NCOs and men killed. 52 officers & 510 NCOs and men wounded. 10 men missing.
    Indian: 103 killed, 310 wounded.
    Total casualties: 1,145 with 10 missing.
     

    The Kashmir Gate

     

             
    Composition of the Kashmir Gate 'Explosion Party' 
     14 September 1857

    Officers, Bengal Engineers: Lieutenants Duncan Home and Philip Salkeld. European NCOs, Bengal Sappers & Miners: Sgt. John Smith, Sgt. Andrew Carmichael, Cpl. F. Burgess (alias Joshua Grierson).  HM 52nd Regt: Bugler Robert Hawthorne. Indian soldiers, Bengal Sappers & Miners: Subadar Toola; Jemadar Bisram; Havildars Madhoo, Tiluk Singh and Ramtaroy; Sepoys Ram Het and Sahib Singh, Ajudhya Park.